Speech & Language Therapy

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Speech refers to the sounds produced by our mouth. We produce sounds to express and communicate.

A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds. A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.

Speech-language therapy helps to coordinate the mechanics of speech with the social use of language. Speech therapy focuses on:

  • Ability to understand language
  • Ability to use ideas to express

When a speech or language problem is identified and treated early in a child, it is unlikely that the problem will persist or get worse.

Kids might need speech-language therapy for a variety of reasons, including, but not limited to:

  • hearing impairments
  • cognitive (intellectual, thinking) or other developmental delays
  • weak oral muscles
  • chronic hoarseness
  • birth defects such as cleft lip or cleft palate
  • autism
  • motor planning problems
  • articulation problems
  • fluency disorders
  • respiratory problems (breathing disorders)
  • feeding and swallowing disorders
  • traumatic brain injury

When Is Therapy Needed?

Therapy should begin as soon as possible. Children enrolled in therapy early (before they’re 5 years old) tend to have better outcomes than those who begin therapy later.¬†This does not mean that older kids can’t make progress in therapy; they may progress at a slower rate because they often have learned patterns that need to be changed.

Speech and Language Therapists HELP your child by:

  • ¬†Identifying developmental speech, language and communication difficulties/disorders.
  • Assessment and treatment of swallowing and communication difficulties
  • Planning, implementing and revising specific language / learning intervention.
  • Modifying communication environments.
  • Working with children on a one-on-one basis to deliver speech language communication therapy.
  • Working with children in groups for enhancing social interaction, communication, following rules for conversations and play behaviour.
  • Designing and implementing Alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) devices and methods for children who have little or no verbal ability.
  • Monitoring and evaluating child’s progress and modifying programs, if necessary, to ensure development.
  • Advising care takers on implementing treatment programs and supporting.

 

Speech Therapy Programmes for Children:

A speech language pathologist introduces fun-filled activities to strengthen the child in his/her areas of weakness. A child’s therapy programme becomes successful with the total involvement of parents. Children learn skills faster with long-lasting results when parents closely follow the home programmes suggested by speech therapists.
A child develops communication in his/her early years. Speech delay in a child may be simple or may be the sign of a serious disorder. Any problem in speech, language or communication can have significant effects on a child’s social and academic skills if not attended to without delay. As a responsible parent it is necessary to be encouraging and alert in his/her early years and do not hesitate to seek professional help if you have any concerns in your child’s speech or communication skills.


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